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Sunday, 8 May 2022

The Forest of Brass and Silver and Golden Leaves

A long time ago, there lived a man and his wife far away in the forest. They had a small boy and they lived in poverty. Well, they both died, and the poor little boy was left all alone in the world. He had no one to turn to, and he mourned and wept every day, for his mother and father had left him alone in the world.

Now, one day he went to the grave of his parents. There he sat weeping, his thoughts weighing heavily upon his mind. As he sat there, he saw a small caterpillar crawling about in the grass. The caterpillar tried to climb up a long straw, but fell down again. The same thing happened many times, and the little boy forgot his sorrow and sat watching in fascination. He saw how the caterpillar was just as helpless as he was himself, and so he took a large blade of grass, rolled it around the caterpillar, and took it home with him.

When he got home, he collected a big pile of lush green grass and laid the caterpillar on top. The caterpillar crawled about and ate the grass and began to grow. But the most marvellous thing was that, as it grew, it began to look like an animal – a calf; it grew four feet and a tail. And as it grew even bigger, small horns began to appear on its head.

Before the end of the summer, the caterpillar had grown into a big, strong bull. And one day, before the boy knew what had happened, the bull said to him (for animals could talk back then): “Yes, you have been kind and cared for me and given me food, and I have grown big and strong. You must gather together the little you have and clamber up on to my back, for we shall now go out into the wide world and take a look around.”

The boy did as the bull said. He didn’t own much, but he tied the little he had into a bundle and clambered up on to the back of the bull. And then they set off into the big, wide world.

Then suddenly one day they came to a wonderful forest. The leaves gleamed so brightly that they could almost hurt your eyes. And when the boy looked a little more closely, all the leaves on all the trees were of pure brass. He had never seen such beautiful and pretty leaves before, and he thought to himself that he had to break off a leaf. But the bull was quick to say: “No, you mustn’t take any of the leaves in the forest here. For a terrible big troll owns this forest, and if you pull a leaf off any of the trees, it’ll come and tear us apart.” Indeed, the boy promised that he wouldn’t, but suddenly he couldn’t help himself and he took a leaf.

This was barely done before there was a horrible, deafening rumble. “Oh, what have you done now?” said the bull. “Now that you’ve taken a brass leaf, the troll is coming to get us. You must get down off my back, and I’ll try and see what I can do.”

The boy had barely come down from his back before the troll came charging through the forest. And it was a fearful fight. But just like that, the bull drove its horn into the midst of the troll’s chest and tossed it far away through the forest. And then it was over. “Yes, it turned out well this time,” said the bull, “and now you can sit up on my back again, for we are going much farther.” So the boy clambered up on to the bull again, and then it set off.

Now they travelled far and at length. And suddenly one day they again came to a wonderful forest. It glittered and it gleamed so that looking at it could almost hurt your eyes. When the boy took a closer look, all the leaves on the trees were of pure silver, and as they passed through the forest, he wanted more and more to break off a leaf. But then the bull said: “No, you must not take any leaf, for in this forest there is a troll that is much bigger than the one in the brass forest. If you break off any leaf, it’ll come and get us, and that can be really dangerous.”

Indeed, the boy promised he would not do so, but suddenly he couldn’t help himself, and he broke a leaf off a branch. Immediately there was a horrible, deafening rumble. “Oh no, what have you done now?” said the bull. “Now you have broken off a leaf, and now the troll is coming to get us. You must get down off my back, and I shall try and see what I can do.”

The boy had barely come down from his back before the troll came charging through the forest. This one was much bigger and scarier than the first. And it was a fearful fight. They stabbed and they kicked so that earth and bushes flurried in the air, but suddenly, the bull drove its horn into the midst of the troll’s chest and tossed it far, far away through the forest. And then it was over. “Yes, it turned out well this time,” said the bull, “and now you can sit up on my back again, for we are going much farther still.” So the boy clambered up on to the bull again, and then it set off.

Far they went, and at length. And then one day they came to a forest that the boy could never even have dreamed of. Not only did it glitter and gleam, but when the sun shone, then it was as if the whole forest stood aflame. When the boy looked more carefully, all the leaves on the trees were of pure gold. And small birds fluttered and flew and sang throughout the whole forest. Indeed, he could never have imagined something so fine and pretty. “You must not pull off or take any leaf from here,” said the bull, “for here is a troll who is as big and ugly as the other two together. So if you take a leaf from here, then it‘ll come, and the outcome would not be certain.”

Indeed, he promised he would not take any leaf. But it wasn’t so long before he couldn’t control himself, and he broke off a gold leaf, and immediately there was a horrible, deafening rumble that shook the whole forest, it was so terrible. “Oh no, what have you done now?” said the bull. “Now you have broken off a leaf, and now the troll is coming to get us. You must get down off my back, and I shall try and see what I can do. But I’m terribly afraid this time.”

The boy had barely come down from his back before the troll came charging through the forest. It was so big and ugly and foul that there was no end to it. And this is how things went: the troll went straight for the bull. The bull threw himself to one side, and the troll nearly stumbled, but it kept its legs. Things continued in this manner for a long time. But then, just like that, the bull drove its horns into the troll’s chest and tore it completely open. And that was the end of it. “Yes, it turned out well this time as well,” said the bull, “and now you can sit up on my back again, for we are going much farther still.”

After they now had travelled for a while, they came to a beautiful great castle. “Well, now we have arrived, and now we are not going any farther,” said the bull. “And so you must take me and kill me, for I have finished my work.” No, the boy would not hear anything of it; the bull had been so steadfast, and saved him from the trolls. “Yes, you must do it,” said the bull, “for otherwise I shall have to stab you to death, which would certainly be much worse.” When the boy heard this, there was nothing to do but kill the bull. And then a handsome fine prince stood before him. And when he turned around to look, a beautiful princess stood on the steps of the castle.

“Well, now the enchantment is broken,” said the prince. And then he said: “My sister stands by the castle. The brass and silver and golden forests are ours, but three foul trolls wanted these fine, pretty forests, and when our father and mother died, they turned me into a caterpillar. Then they each took a forest, and there they stayed, taking care that no one would come and take the forests from them.

“But the day came when you found me on the grass on the grave of your parents. And you took me home and cared for me. And I started to grow and became a great bull, with big, sharp horns. And when I had grown so big that I could manage to take the life of the troll, we set off. And now you see how things have gone. Now you should stick the brass and the silver and then gold leaves in the buttonhole on your tunic, and we shall go in to my sister’s castle.” You can imagine how overjoyed she was, now that the enchantment was broken, and now that her brother had returned home.

The prince gave the boy his sister for his wife, as well as half of the land, and half of the brass and the silver and the golden forests. They lived happily for a long time. And if they are not dead, then yet they live.

AT 511A
Location: Beiarn in Nordland
Informant: Arne Øynes
Collector: Erling Vegusdal Eriksen
Date: 1953?

Thursday, 5 May 2022

The Cat with a Silver Chain on its Tail

There was once a woman who had three daughters. Now, one day they needed to churn some butter, and so the eldest daughter had to go to the well for some water to keep the butter cool. There she saw a cat with a silver chain on its tail, and she ran after the cat. The cat went in through an iron gate, into a giant’s farm.

When she didn’t return, her mother sent her second daughter on her way. She too saw the cat with the silver chain on its tail, and ran after it through the iron gate, into the giant’s farm.

Then the mother sent her youngest daughter on her way, and things went the same way with her.

All three daughters were now on the giant’s farm.

The giant wanted the youngest for his wife, and she had to take care of things and run around, preparing for the wedding.

He put the two elder daughters in an iron cage, to be fattened up. There they were allowed to eat all manner of good food they could wish for, so they would grow good and fat. They had both sugar and rusks.

After a fortnight had passed the giant wanted to see if they had grown fat, and he had them poke a finger out through the bars of the cage, so he could cut into it and see how fat they were. The sisters poked out a bone instead, which was so hard that they obviously weren’t fat enough, and they were therefore left in the cage for another fortnight.

After this time had passed the giant returned, and they poked out a bit of rusk. Obviously they weren’t fat enough yet, either.

After another fortnight had passed, the giant came, wanting to cut their finger. This time they poked out a piece of turnip. Now they were fat enough!

He decided thathis wedding would now be quite soon, and so he went out to visit all the other giants, to invite them to his wedding. Meanwhile, the youngest daughter was to be left behind on the giant’s farm, taking care of things until his guests arrived.

Then she said to the giant:

“There is so much old wool and loose hair around here; can I not have a sack to pack it in, and carry it home to my mother?”

Well, of course she could have one, if she promised to return.

Of course she would.

So she took her eldest sister, put her down in the sack, packed wool and loose hair all around her and carried her home.

The next day, the giant went out again with invitations to his wedding.

And then the youngest daughter said:

“There’s still so much mess and rubbish here. May I carry a sack of it home to my mother?”

Of course she might do so, if only she promised to return.

Then the giant left.

So she took her middle sister, put her down in the sack, then stuffed wool and fluff around her, just as before, and carried her home.

On the third day, the giant left to invite the last of his guests. But before he went he brought her as many fine clothes and silver clothes and gold clothes and rings as he wanted her to put on before his guests arrived.

When he had gone, she took the wood-chopping block and put it in the middle of the floor. She dressed it in all the wedding clothes the giant had given her, which she was supposed to wear.

And then she returned home herself.

The giant returned with his guests in the evening. He thought he saw her sitting on the floor, and began to instruct her to bring them food and drink, but he received no answer.

He spoke to her once again – more gruffly this time – but again he received no reply.

The third time, he roared at her, but she again ignored him. Then he grew so wild that he struck her, and the wood-chopping block flew across the floor.

Then the giant grew so angry that he burst asunder.

The folk at home were overjoyed that all their daughters had come home again. And then they went to the giant’s farm and brought back all the clothes and all the gold and all the silver.

Saturday, 9 April 2022

The Great Bull Who Should Go to the Pasture and Eat His Fill

The bull, once upon a time, should go up to the pasture to eat his fill. When he had walked some distance, he met a cockerel.

“Cock-a-doodle-do! Where are you off to?” he said in his delicate voice.

“I’m going up to the pasture to eat my fill,” said the great bull. His voice was coarse.

“May I be allowed to go with you?” said the cockerel.

“Gladly, gladly, gladly, gladly,” replied the bull.

They walked on for a while, and then they met a hare.

“Hutte-tutte-tu! Where are you off to?”

“We’re going up to the pasture to eat our fill,” said the bull.

“May I be allowed to go with you?” said the hare.

“Gladly, gladly, gladly, gladly,” said the bull.

They walked on for a while, and then they met a buck.

“Baaaaaaaaa! Where are you off to?” asked the goat.

“We’re going up to the pasture to eat our fill,” said the bull.

“May I be allowed to go with you?” said the goat.

“Gladly, gladly, gladly, gladly,” said the bull.

They walked on for a while, and then they met a boar.

“Oink! Oink! Oink! Oink! Where are you off to?” said the boar.

“We’re going up to the pasture to eat our fill,” said the bull.

“May I be allowed to go with you?” said the boar.

“Gladly, gladly, gladly, gladly,” said the bull.

When they arrived at the pasture they went into the cabin. The bull sat himself at the head of the table, and he bade the hare sit on the bench beside him. He put the goat on the table, the boar under the table, and the cockerel by the door.

Then a fox and a bear came to the pasture. They heard there was someone in the cabin, and so they wanted to take a look inside. But neither one dared go in.

Then said the bear to the fox: “You should go in, for you are the weakest, you are.”

“No, you must go in, for you are the strongest, you are,” said the fox.

So the bear went in, and hurried over to the bull. The bull took him with his horns and flung him onto the table, to the goat. The goat butted him so that he rolled under the table. The boar got at him there. And the hare and the rooster, they made a commotion, each in his own way, on the bench and by the door. The bear was so scared that he hurried out again.

“How did it go?” said the fox. He stood outside waiting.

“If you had gone in there, you would never have come out again,” said the bear. “A huge man was sitting in the high seat at the table. He took me with his horns and threw me on to the table. There sat a tailor. He stabbed me with his needle, so I rolled under the table. And down there was a foul man who wanted to chomp me into pieces. Then a man jumped up on the bench and shouted:

‘Where’s my felling axe?
Where is my felling axe?’

“If he had come down, I would not have made it out. Now there was a man who stood in the doorway, and he shouted:

‘Grab hold of the fellow, do!
Grab hold of the fellow, do!’

“And if he had got ahold of me, I would never in the world have come out again.”


Georg Sverdrup (ed.). Norske folke-eventyr : i utvalg til skolebruk. Oslo: Beyer. 1925.

Sunday, 6 February 2022

The Fox and the Buck

A fox.

It used to be that children were frightened with the fox; if they weren’t good, the fox would come and take them away on his long tail. They used to tell a story of the fox and the buck, and it was good for us that it went so ill for the fox. The story goes like this.

There was a fox that lay beneath a bridge. Then a little lamb came walking.

“What is it pounding on my bridge?” said the fox.

“I’m just a little lamb,” said the lamb.

“Aren’t you afraid that I’ll come and take you?” said the fox.

“No, wait until the sheep comes; there’s more food in him,” said the lamb. So the fox waited for the sheep to come.

“What is it pounding on my bridge?” said the fox.

“I’m a sheep,” said the sheep.

“Aren’t you afraid that I’ll come and take you?” said the fox.

“No, wait until the goat comes; there is more food in her,” said the sheep. So the fox waited for the goat to come.

“What is it pounding on my bridge?” said the fox.

“I’m a goat,” said the goat.

“Aren’t you afraid that I’ll come and take you?” said the fox.

“No, wait until the buck comes; there is more food in him,” said the goat. So the fox waited for the buck to come.

“What is it pounding on my bridge?” said the fox.

“I’m a buck,” said the buck.

“Aren’t you afraid that I’ll come and take you?” said the fox.

“No, come on!” said the buck. Then the fox came, and the goat raised itself up and butted him out into the brook.

Then there was no way to control the children, for the fox lay out in the brook, said Hallvor Åkre.

Thursday, 9 December 2021

Kittelsen’s Soria Moria Castle

In 1900, Theodor Kittelsen produced a series of 12 paintings that illustrated the folktale, “Soria Moria Castle.” In 1911, he wrote the text that goes with the pictures. In my opinion, Kittelsen’s tale is quite weak, textually. I think it comes of the text having to fit the series of pictures that had already been produced. The weakness of the narrative is the reason I have decided to post everything on the web, rather than publishing it in a book.

You’ll find the tale here, complete with all the illustrations.

Saturday, 4 December 2021

When Sjur Shot the Hulder Folk’s Chieftain

There was once upon a long time ago a boy who lived so heartily and boldly that the old folk shook their heads and said that one day he would dare more than was good for him. This young boy was called Sjur, and he inherited his father’s farm early. Yes, Sjur was young, and he was hearty, but he was a very different fellow when it came to goods and gold.

Now, this was in the days when the hulder folk or mound folk dwelt in mountains and mounds. And even though those who lived in there had both large and stately halls, they liked to celebrate midwinter in the farmer’s cabins. And great fertility would be seen there where the hulder folk were allowed to live and celebrate during the winter, both in field and meadow and among the livestock. So it was good idea to exchange the warmth of the cabins for brewing houses and barns in the middle of the winter. Unfortunately though, the hulder celebration fell upon Christmas Eve itself. More and more folk lost the will to leave their houses to the hulder folk - indeed, letting them celebrate in a Christian man’s house was said to be pagan – and so one farmer after another carved a cross into their threshold, for the hulder folk certainly would not dare to set foot in such houses.

By the time Sjur took over his father’s farm, both three and four crosses had been carved into the threshold, by him as well as by all the farmers in the area. But Sjur had a new, beautiful slab brought down from the mountain, that very summer. Then he surprised people by going hunting with his rickety old gun, both late and early. It certainly couldn’t be to bring home game, for he shot mostly at crows and sparrows - yes, even at single pine trunks. And there another young boy once came upon him as he stood struggling to force a wriggling live adder down through the barrel of his gun. From then on, people shook their heads when they saw him, for now he was after both trolls and hulders, the unfortunate bold fellow. An old tradition says that if you can get an adder to go through your gun barrel, no matter how bad the gun is, then you will be able hit whatsoever you aim at with that gun, even if you shoot at a troll or a hulder. From that day on, Sjur left the crows and the sparrows and the pine trunks in peace. The old gun was hung up on the wall in the large kitchen on Sjur’s farm.

Well, the days went by and Christmas Eve came. The floors were scoured white, bundles of wood were laid by the fireplace, and newly made candles stood in gleaming candlesticks both on the table and on the shelves. Then the farmers on the surrounding farms carved crosses into their thresholds. But Sjur carved no cross in his threshold, indeed no! He let the farm boy and the maid go to spend the holiday with their relatives; he himself would look after the cattle and then invite a neighbour over on the day itself, he said. So the servants went home, and the animals were fed in evening. The Christmas bells had rung in the holiday, and the peace of the holy night fell. Then Sjur crept back into his cabin, took the rickety old gun down from the wall, and lay down behind the pile of firewood by the fireplace. He pressed the gun in between the wood in the pile, so that the barrel pointed out into the large kitchen. And then he waited.

The hours fell long and it grew pitch dark. It was completely quiet both outside and inside. It was far from surprising that Sjur at length dropped off a bit. Then he jumped and was suddenly fully awake. A curious light lay across the large kitchen, shining from inside the parlour. And a table was set all the way from the kitchen windows, through the door, all the way into the innermost corner of the parlour. The tablecloth was dazzling white, and the gold and silver dishes, and cast goods and cups gleamed. Lefses lay in a piles on plates, and roast ribs sat, steaming in large golden vessels. Busy small nisses poured mead and foaming beer. And around the table sat the merry company, toasting and feasting.

In the middle of the long side of the table sat the man who was the chief of them all. And by his side sat the most beautiful hulder girl of all the beautiful girls present. The young hulder talked and laughed a lot, showing her deep dimples and her strong, white teeth. Remarkably, she reminded Sjur of a girl he had long had a good eye for, a girl from the north end of the valley.

He didn’t dare let his gaze linger on her for long, for didn’t he have precisely everything he had longed for right here in front of him? Wasn’t the table laden with silver and with gold, and weren’t the guests wearing jewellery the like of which had not been seen by any earthly eye? Carefully, Sjur leaned over the old gun and aimed. And it was strange, but the shot would hit the chieftain right in the chest, just as the gun lay. Sjur smiled contentedly as he fired the shot.

Then there was weeping and wailing without measure! Had the voices before sounded like bells, or the gentle bubbling of a brook, or the rushing of a distant waterfall, then they now sounded as if the waterfall were roaring close by, or like cutting false strokes on a violin, or like cats meowing in the night.

Sjur had hit his mark; the chieftain had fallen. Sobbing, the beautiful young hulder threw herself over him. All the guests had risen from the table and gathered together around the two. Then four strong men lifted the fallen one between them, and carried their chieftain towards the door and the whole company followed with weeping and lamentation. When they came to the door, they all turned, raised their heads, and turned their eyes as one towards the fireplace and towards Sjur. Sjur had risen. Confused, he looked from one in the company to the next, until his eyes met hers, the young hulder’s gaze - and truly, she was like the young girl from the north end of the valley. But the grief he read in her eyes was so deep, so burning, that it cut him to the quick.

Now, when the door closed after the company, it suddenly turned pitch dark in the parlour. For a long time, Sjur remained standing in awe. Then he pulled himself together, took his firesteel out and lit the tallow candle on the mantleshelf. He looked around in astonishment. Between the windows stood nothing but the scoured table that usually stood there. He didn’t see the table from the kitchen windows all the way into the parlour. On the scoured floor, however, lay two or three strange silver castings, and on the bench by the door he glimpsed a couple of beautiful dishes full of potatoes and ribs, though when he took a better look, the plates were full of stones and debris and rusty old nails.

But the plates themselves were good enough, and so were the silver castings. They are still in Sjur’s family and are inherited from father to son, together with the farm. Silver and gold seem to follow the owners of the farm, too. But one thing is sure - the owners of this farm have never really known happiness in love. Sjur did not win the girl to the north of the village, she who had such a striking resemblance to the hulder girl. And the subsequent owners… well, they never won the girls they loved the most, either.

The hulder folk are no longer seen in that village, so little by little the villagers have stopped carving crosses in their thresholds. But the old crosses remain. And if you look closely at the mountain, just where it is steepest, you can clearly see something like a closed door or gate in the mountain wall. The hulder folk carried their dead chieftain in through that gate. Then they closed the door behind them.

 

From Astrid Thalberg and Olaf Thalberg. Sagn og huldre-eventyr. Illustrated by Arnold Thornam. Oslo: Damm, 1929.

Monday, 22 November 2021

The Night Mare

A Legend from Solør

The Mare used to go around tormenting both people and beasts. It was so heavy that it could crush folk to death. It bothered the unmarried farmer on one particular farm awfully. No matter how well he closd and locked up everywhere before he went to bed, the mare still came over him during the night.

Eventually he followed the advice of a wise man, and gained power over it – to a certain degree. After tightly closing every opening, he took a hand brace and drilled a hole through the wall, leaving it open. But he also made a tap to fit the hole, which he kept handy.

At midnight the Mare came in through the hole, and the man was immediately ready to knock the tap in tightly. Now she could not get out again, and as it turned out that she was a quite beautiful woman, she soon became the wife on the farm, and remained there for a long time.

Once, however, her husband got a little drunk, and then he asked his wife if she knew how she had come into the house.

“Yes,” she replied, “it was through a hole in the wall, but I have not been able to find it again.”

“I’ll show you it, I shall,” said the man, taking out the tap. Immediately the wife became like smoke and went on her way out through the hole. And the man never saw her again.


Morgenbladet: Extranumer, Oslo, Sunday 20. October 1901.


The Nightmare (Johann Heinrich Füssli, 1781).

Wednesday, 10 November 2021

The North Wind and the South Wind

“Whoosh! Here I am!” said the North Wind. It blew its mighty clarion until all the waves rose high in the air. “I have blown around the North Pole: ten thousand miles in half a day! Who shall do so after me?”

“Imagine! Ten thousand miles in half a day!” it went from wave to wave, and they all bowed their foamy white heads in admiration. But straightway they were up again to hear some more; they were curious. “Have you seen the Ice Queen?”

“I should say so! I danced for Her Majesty only yesterday!”

“Is it true that she has a cold heart and that her highest pleasure is to glitter?”

“It may well be! But why should one hide one’s light beneath a bushel? No empress or princess in the whole world can measure against her glory and splendour. Who has a crown like the one she wears on her brow? Gather all the diamonds of the earth together and they’ll pale in comparison, it shines and sparkles so. Indeed it can flash and light for miles around, but its stones are cut and composed of the flaming fires of the Northern Lights themselves, after all. And her cape! How it shines like the brightest silk! And if you look closely, it is as the most beautiful silver brocade, woven from hoarfrost and the clearest moonbeams. And the swansdown edging, so soft and white! Every feather is an exquisite little snow flake, as fine as the finest star. Before her feet lie two mighty bears in magnificent fur and with black eyes. Growling, they bare their sharp teeth, if anyone dares to tread too close to where their proud queen sits on her lofty throne beneath the deep blue canopy of the sky.”

The waves went wild with reckless enthusiasm. Never had they heard of so gorgeous a queen, and imagine it: their North Wind had danced before her throne! What an honour! They rose up together in droves and crowds, both large and small, shouting and screaming. They wanted to hear more.

But the North Wind was busy; the North Wind is always busy.

“Whoosh! Whoosh!” it said. “I have to go, I have to go. I don’t have time to lie here talking!” and it whistled as it rushed away, knocking two icebergs together with a rumbling crash that could be heard all the way to England.

Storming and gusting, it travelled inland across kingdoms, swirling the snow up into a tight dense smoke, which a little later sprinkled down again as beautiful glittering stars.

“The North Wind always comes with so much clamour and commotion,” said the Sun, barely peeking out from behind a cloud. “I better like the South Wind; it comes so quiet and warm. Often it goes unnoticed when it arrives; its good deeds disclose it. I met it for the first time down by the sources of the Nile. It was blowing gently up the blue waters of the river. The small waves curled up like silver before its feet. The mottle of flowers and shrubs bobbed and nodded as it fared forth. It took their seeds with it, scattered them far and wide in the barren places where nothing had grown, and there sprouted up the most luscious, fragrant plants and magnificent trees baring succulent golden fruit. Yes, it is a great blessing to mankind.

“It blew thereafter through a grove of palms, sweeping the dust off the swaying old leafy crowns so that young shoots could freely sprout and grow. A harp hung in a palm, an Aeolus harp. As it touched it, slowly and gently, it began to sound – so beautifully that the weary wanderer who had sought rest at the foot of the palm regained his strength to continue walking his thorny path. Then it slipped between the pyramids, breathing life into the dead glyphs, carrying them across the broad wide world. High, high it turned towards the sky, scattering the dark clouds so that the light could shine – yes shine to the very farthest corner.

“Here it comes!” said the Sun, but the waves saw nothing at all, having only just lain down to rest in the sunshine.

And here came the South Wind, so quiet and warm; it brought with it all the migratory birds that were flying north from Egypt.

Then it met the North Wind. “Uff!” it said – it had to stop for a moment to catch its breath – then it turned aside and went calmly on its way.


Anna Winge. Prinsesser og trold: eventyr for børn. Christiania: Ellingsen, 1901.

Art: Kay Nielsen, 1914.

Wednesday, 3 November 2021

A Hulder Marriage

In Nordland it is told that a healthy man bound a hulder in the forest, by laying the barrel of his rifle over her. She was Christened and became his wife. They lived well together and had a child. But then suddenly one evening, as the child was playing in the firepit, the hulder wife was spinning, and the husband was busy with some other work, her wild nature came over her. In a vicious turn, she said to her husband, indicating the child: “That would make a wonderful joint to put on the spit and roast for supper!” Her husband was horrified, and his wife, noticing that she had behaved badly, reined herself in and desired that her words should be forgotten. But that did not happen. Her husband “wrote it behind his ear,” as the saying goes; her terrible words constantly whispered to him. He’d caught a candid glimpse of his wife’s horrifying true nature, and the peace of the house was ruined. From having been a good husband he turned surly; he viciouly rejected any suggestion his wife made, cursed the the impulse that had caused him to marry her, and beat and smacked her. Things went thus for a long time. His wife suffered in her regret. One day she decided she should cast a kind eye over her husband’s work, so she went to him out in the smithy. When he now began, as was his wont, and laid his hands on her, she cold-bloodedly decided to give him a proof of her superiority that the blacksmith would have to accept. So she picked up a whole iron bar and wrapped it around him like steel wire. In talibus vinculis [in such bonds] he had to promise to keep the peace.

– Henrik Wergeland’s tradition in his own hand. Published in facsimile in Jan Faye Braadland. Forarbeider til biografi om Andreas Faye (1802-69). Skrift nr 1: Kort beskrivelse av Fayes autografsamling i Aust-Agder-arkivet, Arendal. Oslo: Tekstforlag, 1995.

Monday, 25 October 2021

The Boy Who Changed into a Bear

Away in Gjerrestad there was once a boy who had such bad turns that he changed into a great house bear and roamed around the houses and scared most of the folk and cattle. I don’t think he did any other harm, but this was bad enough. While he was going about causing this trouble, he lay as if in hibernation – an old woman had supposedly seen him lie like this once. But in any case, it was a pity for the boy, for he was so kind and nice otherwise that his equal didn’t exist. He was the foremost at dancing, and the strongest in the whole timber forest and in the mowing meadow. No matter how frightened the girls were of him, no one else had as many girls hanging around as he did; indeed, the finest girl in the village wanted him.

“I think you’ve been enchanted,” said her father. Her mother and her siblings and all her kin said so, too. Imagine when he has a turn and changes into a house bear, they said. But it did no good; she wanted him and had to have him, even if he changed into a lion.

Sketch by Adolph Tidemand

Then one day she was chasing about after him, out on the mowing meadow. She liked being with him so much, especially when the two of them were alone. Just like that, the boy threw aside his mowing implements so that the scythe blade sang and the handle broke and tumbled across the field. Then he took two or three bounds over to the thick spruce forest away yonder. But just as suddenly, he calmly returned to his sweetheart.

“Are you afraid?” he asked. His voice was so strange.

“Oh no; you know I’m not,” she replied.

“Well, we’ll see,” he said. “Take your rake, go up on to the haystack, and save yourself as best you can,” he said, and with that he set off into the dark, dense forest.

Just a short time later, a bear came charging, like the most ferocious wild beast, went straight up to the haystack, and began to climb it, his jaws gaping and his eyes as if spitting fire and flame. He tore down the haystack and grabbed his sweetheart between his great paws and squeezed her and carried on until she certainly despaired of her life. Yet even so, she didn’t want to call for the mowing folk away in the other meadow; things would just have to go as they would. Then he bit and scratched her until her blood ran down his chest, yet she made not a sound. And then he let go of her, clasped both forepaws over the bloodstains so that his chest creaked and cracked, and then ran on his toes, like any other man, into the forest again.

His sweetheart washed away her blood, set up her hair, and adjusted her clothes again, wrapping her shawl around her. Immediately after, her sweetheart returned. He looked pale and melancholy, but so unbelievably relieved and gentle and good. His sweetheart felt the same – as if nothing had happened – and from that time she never again saw the bear. Her sweetheart had a blood stain that no one was allowed to see on his chest, but he was a good man for the rest of his days.

– Simon Knutsen and A. Johnsson and L. M. Bentsen.
Udvalgte Eventyr og Sagn for Børn. Christiania, 1877.